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Some common symptoms are

Some common symptoms are
  • easily startled
  • ordinary events remind you of the traumatic event
  • feeling physically and/or emotionally numb
  • flashbacks of the traumatic event or re-living the traumatic event in your mind
  • lose interest in activities you enjoy
  • nightmares about the traumatic event
  • difficulty sleeping
  • feeling detached from yourself or feelings of unreality
  • difficulty being affectionate
  • irritability
  • feeling strong emotions, such as rage or violent tendencies

In addition to these symptoms, people with PTSD can also experience panic attacks or other anxiety symptoms when faced with a situation, person, or thing that reminds him or her of the traumatic event.

Effective treatment options help people experiencing PTSD resolve their grief and anger over the trauma, as well as address the physical symptoms, anxious thought patterns, and avoidance behaviours that perpetuate the disorder.

Medication can be a helpful short-term tool in reducing the physical symptoms of PTSD for some people. It can help reduce physical symptoms and get the body on a more even keel, particularly at the beginning of your recovery when symptoms are so debilitating that it is difficult to function.

However, medication is not a cure-all or a lasting solution. It does not address several root causes of PTSD, such as unresolved emotions about the trauma, anxious thought patterns, and avoidance behaviours. Medications are often used in combination with other treatment options, such as cognitive-behavioural therapy, which teaches you skills to reduce PTSD on your own.

Behavioural therapy helps you to unlearn self-defeating patterns and habits in your day to day actions. It teaches you new, healthy skills and ways of reacting to situations that trigger memories of the traumatic experience, such as progressive muscle relaxation techniques, gradual exposure to the anxiety trigger, changing breathing patterns, positive and negative reinforcement, and learning empowering ways of relating to others.

Cognitive therapy assumes that by changing self-defeating thought patterns and transforming them into more successful belief systems you can improve your mental and emotional health. Cognitive therapy teaches you to change emotions and behaviour by changing our self-defeating thoughts about the trauma, such as all or nothing beliefs, negative assumptions, labelling, and so on.

Trauma | by Dr. Radut